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  1. Les barbares de Baudelaire : peinture, poésie et cosmopolitisme
    Erschienen: 30.08.2018

    For Baudelaire, the barbarian is a figure of predilection. At first, it is a literary character that he got acquainted with through the works of Chateaubriand and E. A. Poe. The barbarian is linked to poetry as well; he brings to mind the condition... mehr

     

    For Baudelaire, the barbarian is a figure of predilection. At first, it is a literary character that he got acquainted with through the works of Chateaubriand and E. A. Poe. The barbarian is linked to poetry as well; he brings to mind the condition of the exiled, the solitary figure far away from his homeland (such as in Delacroix's Ovid among the Scythians). But, most of all, the barbarian gives the opportunity to Baudelaire to refine his idea of Beauty: at the 1855 Universal Exhibition, he confronts himself for the first time to Chinese art – labelled "barbarian art" back then. Far from agreeing with this description, Baudelaire refutes it and forces himself to shift his critical perspective: his challenge will be to adapt himself, accommodate his taste and become "as barbarian" as the works he beholds in order to appreciate one of these "specimen of universal beauty". This reflexion shall continue in his essay, 'The Painter of Modern Life' (1863), in which he describes Constantin Guys' way of drawing as being moved by an "inevitable barbarousness". In this article, our aim will be to trace the evolution of Baudelaire's conception and different uses of the term "barbarian" through his aesthetical, poetical and literary writings.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: fra
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel); bookPart
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-8498-1119-8
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturen romanischer Sprachen; Französische Literatur (840)
    Sammlung: Aisthesis Verlag
    Schlagworte: Baudelaire, Charles; Barbar <Motiv>; Le Peintre de la vie moderne; Schönheit
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

  2. Barbares/sauvages : Les non-civilisés dans 'Les Barbares' de Maxime Gorki
    Erschienen: 30.08.2018

    When Gorki wrote his play "The Barbarians" (1906), he probably did not intend to raise such an intricate problem as the relationship between the barbarian, the savage and the civilized. Neither did he envisage talking about this triadic relation in... mehr

     

    When Gorki wrote his play "The Barbarians" (1906), he probably did not intend to raise such an intricate problem as the relationship between the barbarian, the savage and the civilized. Neither did he envisage talking about this triadic relation in reference to its political, historical and philosophical meaning. He proceeded as a writer and managed to construct a peculiar literary figure of the "barbarian" in its multiple aspects, and as related to other figures, such as the savage, in the first place. In this paper I argue that Gorki's intrinsically literary venture consisted in trying to make collide two categories that never normally enter in a dual relationship, but are always mediated by the category of the "civilized". The objective of this paper is to examine the consequences of this forced dualism, which without imposing any idea of civilization, however, ends up by setting it as a problem for further meditation and, without giving any solution, invites the reader to pursue his reflection.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: fra
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel); bookPart
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-8498-1119-8
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturen anderer Sprachen (890); Ostindoeuropäische, keltische Literaturen (891)
    Sammlung: Aisthesis Verlag
    Schlagworte: Gorʹkij, Maksim; Barbar <Motiv>; Varvary
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

  3. Entre abjection et noblesse : Trois visions du barbare chez Jünger, Borgès et Frank Herbert
    Erschienen: 30.08.2018

    The barbarian is a construct of the Other which can be distinguished from the "savage" through a certain degree of social organization and from the monstrous through its more realistic-historic outlook. Still, these categories are fuzzy and fantastic... mehr

     

    The barbarian is a construct of the Other which can be distinguished from the "savage" through a certain degree of social organization and from the monstrous through its more realistic-historic outlook. Still, these categories are fuzzy and fantastic fiction – understood in a broad sense – makes new use of the barbarian people motif in a manner which makes the ideological undertones more visible despite an increased freedom from historical references. The " mob" (das Gesindel) getting out of the forests to devastate the civilized order, in 'Auf den Marmorklippen', embodies abjection in its clearest form, a violent return of the dark violent repressed. On the contrary, in the cycle of 'Dune, the Fremens' are 'barbarian' only in the eyes of the corrupt totalitarian elite of the Imperium. Despite their rough way of life, they represent a cultural order much closer to ecological harmony, which constitutes a major theme in Frank Herbert's saga. Borges' perspective, in 'The Story of the Warrior and the Female Prisoner', is not so much ethical/political as it is philosophical : the mutual fascination between the 'civilized' and the 'barbarians' is tantamount to magnetic opposites, border-crossing and meaningful otherness. These three visions of the 'barbarian' can be distinguished not only through their ideological underpinnings, but also through their narrative techniques.

     

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  4. Le miroir intermédial : "Sneewittchen" des Grimm et "Blancanieves" de Pablo Berger en comparaison
    Erschienen: 06.09.2018

    Contemporary studies about film adaptations of literary texts face many obstacles when it comes to compare two different media. They either tend to establish how faithful the film adaptation is to its textual source or they consider the literary text... mehr

     

    Contemporary studies about film adaptations of literary texts face many obstacles when it comes to compare two different media. They either tend to establish how faithful the film adaptation is to its textual source or they consider the literary text as canonical, which as such cannot be transposed to any other form. This contribution aims to cross the borders of 'adaptation studies' and offers an intermedial comparison between the Grimms' tale 'Sneewittchen', first published in 1812, and 'Blancanieves', a black and white silent movie directed by Pablo Berger and released in 2012. Regarding 'Blancanieves' not only as an adaptation of the Grimms' text(s), but also and above all as a reconfiguration of numerous media forms (film, photography, opera, among others), reveals how the Spanish director differentiates himself from the German tale and creates a new story with renewed meanings which echo the current social, economical and political situation of Spain.

     

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  5. L'avant-dernier mot : Notes sur Bloch et Jankélévitch à propos de "penser la mort"
    Erschienen: 11.12.2013

    C'est dans une de ses analyses les plus suggestives du concept de mort que Lévinas suggère une comparaison entre la pensée de Bloch et celle de Jankélévitch. Et cela, comme l'on sait, bien que Jankélevitch, à l'exception de Schelling, n'ait jamais eu... mehr

     

    C'est dans une de ses analyses les plus suggestives du concept de mort que Lévinas suggère une comparaison entre la pensée de Bloch et celle de Jankélévitch. Et cela, comme l'on sait, bien que Jankélevitch, à l'exception de Schelling, n'ait jamais eu d'intérêt particulier pour la culture allemande et ses auteurs. Le point de départ de ces pages très denses, qu'on lit dans "Dieu, la mort et le temps" (1993), est la relation entre le thème de la mort et le projet que Bloch considère, à l'instar de Jankélevitch, comme la tâche irréalisable à laquelle, pourtant, on ne peut renoncer.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: fra
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel); bookPart
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 9788857500386
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Bloch, Ernst; Jankélévitch, Vladimir
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess